How to choose the best filament for your project

How to choose the best filament for your project

FILAMENT COMPARISON GUIDE

STANDARD FILAMENTS

Standard Filaments

PLA (Polylactic Acid)

PLA is a thermoplastic* aliphatic polyester derived from renewable biomass and PLA is easily biodegradable by composing. PLA polymers range from amorphous glassy polymer to semi-crystalline and highly crystalline polymer with a glass transition of 60 °C and melting points of 130-180 °C. It is the best material for printing large parts. That is possible thanks to it’s very low thermal expansion.

Printing temperature 190 - 220 °C
Bed temperature Not required (40 - 60 °C for bigger parts)
Bed adhesion Blue painters tape, Glue stick, Magigoo or others
PLA advantages
  • Printing of large parts is much easier with almost no warping
  • No chemical odors are produced during printing
PLA disadvantages
  • Parts start to loose mechanical strength at temperatures over 70 °C


ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene)
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ABS is a thermoplastic* polymer with great thermal and mechanical properties. With high impact resistance and toughness it's a great material for demanding applications. Its glass transition temperature is approximately 105 °C (221 °F) so the ABS can be easily used for indoor or outdoor applications. 

Printing temperature 220 - 240 °C
Bed temperature 80 - 100 °C
Bed adhesion Blue painters tape, Glue stick, Magigoo or others
ABS advantages
  • Parts can withstand temperatures of up to 80 °C without loosing strength
  • Parts can be vapor smoothed for greater strength and better surface finish
  • Easy to glue with acetone
ABS disadvantages
  • Requires heated bed for prints without warping

CPE (Co-Polyester)

FilamentOne CPECPE (Co-Polyester) is a very strong and versatile material with great thermal resistance and chemical resistance. It is the great material for printing mechanical parts. CPE is great for printing large object, because it has almost no warping.

Printing temperature 245 - 275 °C
Bed temperature 70 - 80 °C
Bed adhesion Blue painters tape, Glue stick, Magigoo or others
CPE advantages
  • Parts can withstand temperatures of up to 80 °C without loosing strength
  • Easy to bond with superglue
  • UV resistance, low level of yellowing
CPE disadvantages
  • Can't be vapor smoothed with acetone


SPECIALTY FILAMENTS

ASA (Acrylic Styrene Acrylonitrile)

ASA PRO SELECT Light GrayASA is a UV resistant thermoplastic* with great thermal resistance. ASA is an advanced material with excellent weather resistance, retention of physical features, good dimensional stability and higher rigidity than ABS. Low level of yellowing is very important for functional applications with long-term use.

Printing temperature 235 - 255 °C
Bed temperature 80 - 100 °C
Bed adhesion Blue painters tape, Glue stick, Magigoo or others
ASA advantages
  • Parts can withstand temperatures of up to 80 °C without loosing strength
  • Parts can be vapor smoothed for greater strength and better surface finish
  • Easy to glue with acetone
  • High UV resistance, low level of yellowing
  • Excellent weather resistance
ASA disadvantages
  • Requires heated bed for prints without warping


TPU (Thermoplastic polyurethane)

FilamentOne TPU PRO SELECT Flexible TPU (Thermoplastic polyurethane) material is combining high elasticity while maintaining incredible structure and the strength to withstand the toughest work environments. Incredible layer to layer bonding, excellent resistance to wear and tear, and ease of use make this filament a great choice for everyday use. TPU is a class of polyurethane plastics with great properties, like resistance to oil, grease, UV resistance and abrasion.

Printing temperature 200 - 220 °C
Bed temperature 30 - 50 °C
Bed adhesion Thin layer of glue stick, Magigoo or others
TPU advantages
  • Resistance to oil, grease and solvents
  • No warping
  • High impact resistance
  • UV resistance
  • Higher quality prints
TPU disadvantages
  • Slower printing speed

 

Wood Composite Filament

FilamentOne Wood PRO SELECTWood-like 3D printer materials give 3D printed objects the look and feel of real wood. They imbue parts with other wood-like attributes, such as the ability be stained, cut, painted, and sanded. Wood filament is made of a biodegradable wood material. The material exhibits similar mechanical features as PLA and models printed with this material have a genuine appearance of real wood.

Printing temperature 170 - 210 °C
Bed temperature Not required (40 - 60 °C for bigger parts)
Bed adhesion Thin layer of glue stick, Magigoo or others
Wood advantages
  • Print looks and feels similar to actual wood with printing properties of PLA
  • Different extruder temperatures produce different colors; the hotter, the darker
  • Low printing temperature
  • Parts can be painted, sanded or stained 
Wood disadvantages
  • Parts start to loose mechanical strength at temperatures over 70 °C


    Nylon (Polyamide)

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    Nylon (Polyamide) represents a range of different materials that provide excellent durability and high impact and wear resistance. The Nylon is an incredibly strong material and its low friction coefficient and high melting temperature make it an excellent choice for 3D printing. These features make the Nylon based material the most versatile choice for demanding applications.

    Printing temperature 235 - 250 °C
    Bed temperature 80 - 100 °C
    Bed adhesion PVA based glue stick, Magigoo or others
    Nylon advantages
    • Provides flexibility and strength for highly functional parts
    • Temperature resistant material
    Nylon disadvantages
    • Must be kept dry


      Nylon Carbon Fiber

      FilamentOneNylon Carbon Fiber is a reinforced nylon material with added micro carbon fibers. Nylon Carbon Fiber is an engineering grade filament, designed for desktop 3D printing. It has a high impact and chemical resistance, as well as high tensile strength. The perfect processing stability make this filament capable of printing engineering parts.

      Printing temperature 240 - 260 °C
      Bed temperature 80 - 100 °C
      Bed adhesion PVA based glue stick, Magigoo or others
      Nylon CF advantages
      • Excellent low or high temperature resistance (low thermal expansion) great for functional parts
      • No post-printing processing work and excellent properties
      Nylon CF disadvantages
      • Highly abrasive (Hardened or steel nozzles are highly recommended)
      • Must be kept dry

        HIPS (High Impact Polystyrene)

        FilamentOneHIPS (High Impact Polystyrene) and is very similar to ABS, such as high rigidity and impact resistance. The primary difference is that HIPS uses D-Limonene as a solvent. This means that you can use HIPS as a support material which can then easily be dissolved by placing your print in D-Limonene.

        Printing temperature 245 - 250 °C
        Bed temperature 90 - 100 °C
        Bed adhesion PVA based glue stick, Magigoo, Kaptone tape or others
        HIPS advantages
        • Best 3D printer support material for ABS because of similar printing temperatures
        • Dissolves away in D-Limonene
        HIPS disadvantages
        • Usually used only for specific applications or as a support material

           

          *A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic polymer material that becomes pliable or moldable at a certain elevated temperature and solidifies upon cooling.

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