3D Printed Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and how can you help fight Coronavirus
- Contacting Hospitals / Medical groups
- Getting started
- Non printed parts
- Packing, shipping and delivery
- Design alternatives
As we mentioned there are various options for a face shield. We will focus on the face shield designed by Prusa Research as we know this design has been reviewed by multiple medical sources and has recently been updated based off of recommendations from medical staff. These shields serve as a secondary means of protection for medical staff, to be used in conjunction with eye protection and masks.
CONTACTING YOUR LOCAL HOSPITALS / MEDICAL GROUPS
If you are doing these shields on your own - contact your local or area hospitals to see if there is a need for face shields.
Also make sure to let them know what filament type you have and provide them with the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). FilamentOne provides Material Safety Data Sheet for all materials and you can download them directly from FilamentOne website.
You can also find others in your area that may have already gotten an approval from a local hospital and offer your assistance. Masks for Docs (https://masksfordocs.com) is a good resource. There are multiple social media pages being set up daily to help get organized and work as a group to assist, others have been adding their contact details to a google docs form so local people can be matched up to local hospitals.
Repkord @ Hackerlab
4415 GRANITE DR STE 200
ROCKLIN, CA 95677-2163
Even if you think you are just one person trying to do this. Post what you are doing online, contact friends that have 3D printers, join online groups, and get the word out there about what you are doing. There could be others around you doing the same. Also look up maker spaces near you, contact them to see if they are involved. Get the word out there. DO NOT however violate your regions "lock down" orders to connect with people.
While people want to make these as quickly as possible, it is more important to make them correctly. Follow the designers recommended settings - something as important as this does not need to have short cuts taken.
These should be printed with 3 perimeters and about 30% infill.
For a typical printer r, with a 0.4mm nozzle using 0.2mm layer height, on average it will take about 8 - 9 hours to print out 2 sets of parts.
What you can do, if you have one available, is to switch out your 0.4mm nozzle to a larger one. For the ones we have made, we switched to a 0.6mm nozzle and had the perimeters set to 2 as the wider nozzle will give us the same diameter for the perimeter, and the layer height set to 0.3mm
This gave us a print time of 4.5 hours for a set of 2 and were able to double production and still keep the quality requirements.
Once the print is finished, please follow the recommendations for packing the parts, shipping or storage recommended in the Prusa blog post, from Repkord Organization instructions, or if you are supplying them locally, follow your local medical providers requirements.
NON 3D PRINTED PARTS
- Contact your local medical group if they have access to this (if it is a university hospital, they might have a engineering department or campus maker space that has access to a laser cutter
- Contact your local maker space
- Post on social media what you are doing and ask others to spread the word to help locate a laser cutter.
- Contact your local plastic supply store
The strap band should be easier to source, but it is also important to follow any medical advice given to see if there is any special requirements or restrictions. Ideally the band should have 10mm cuts so they fit over the connection points on the back of the visor. It should be somewhat flexible enough to allow a secure and comfortable fit.
Fabric / craft / art stores should have elastic material that could be used, please check first online or call the store directly to see if they have them. Try and locate them first before heading out to the shops.
PACKING, SHIPPING AND DELIVERY
Depending on how you are participating in this, it is very important to follow the recommended steps. If you are doing this on your own, or local group. Follow any and all guidelines from medical professionals as far as packing, storing and delivery of items.
Prusa Reseach recommends bagging them individually and have them sit for 2-3 days to ensure they are clean of the virus.
If you are shipping them to Repkord Organization, you do not need to bag them individually, With shipping times, the 2-3 day wait period should be met, and Repkord Organization will have the parts soaked in a chemical bath to ensure they are clean.
If you are delivering them to a medical building, please make sure to call first to arrange a drop off time, and follow the facilities instructions so the possibilities of exposure are reduced on both sides.
One suggestion from a member of Masks for Docs was to contact a local fire department close to the hospital to see if that could be used as a drop off point.
The Budmen Face Shield
While writing this article, another design has been featured in the news and some hospitals are using that as well. It is called the Budman face shield design and the files and instructions can be found here: https://budmen.com/
Alternative source: https://makemasks.net/budmen.html
3DVerkstan Face Shield Model
The 3DVerkstan was designed by Eric from Sweden. It is a light weight face shield that can use transparent film or sheets used for overhead projectors. Recently Joel Telling (3D printing nerd) did a feature on this design.
The first step is to contact a local hospital or medical facility first to see if they can use the shield if this PPE meets their requirements.
The license of the Prusa face shield does allow for charging money for this. It is limited to recouping costs of creating these devices only. Repkord Organization, Masks for Docs and other small companies are donating 100% of what is received at 0 cost to any medical establishment. At no time should the Prusa face shield be sold to medical facilities or anyone else outside the guidelines from the license.
This is a call for help from the medical community. This is a chance for us to help those who take care of us and save lives. We encourage those who have the capabilities to help to get involved and give back to the extraordinary women and men who lay their lives on the line every day to keep us safe.